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The history of Cambridge is intertwined with the history (and
birthplace) of America, and it's a daunting thing to cover in a mere
entry. However, your one-size-fits-all, best bet for a quick immersion
would be to start at America's first university, Harvard University.
Harvard was founded in 1636 as a training school for Puritan clergy,
and from that auspicious debut it has gone onto creating a lot of
history. In fact, General Washington and his American Revolution
cronies hid in Harvard for awhile during the war! Taking a tour
of Harvard will teach you a lot about the land's history and what goes
on there, and you could also take a peek at Harvard's spectacular
museum collections. The Widener Library, for example, is a good
place to go to on a tour because then you can see an original Gutenberg
Bible. Besides Harvard, though, the best way to get a sense of
Cambridge's history is to take a walking tour of some sort.
Plaques and signs litter the area, saying "John Adams was here" and all
sorts of fun facts. Look up Cambridge's home page
to see if they offer any sort of history tours, and do make sure to go to the famous
Cemetery, a historically important cemetery
which houses tons of famous dead people, from Isabella Stewart Gardner
to Longfellow, who changed Cambridge and the world for the better.