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Parts of the Miami-Dade county expressway system feature cashless tolling also known as Open Road Tolling (ORT) and Toll-By-Plate. As vehicle approaches a toll gantry, either a transponder is read (known as Sunpass) or the vehicle tag is captured electronically. There is no need to slow down when approaching an automated toll gantry. These are clearly labeled as SunPass/Toll-By-Plate. While this has certainly helped with traffic, it also has caused some confusion amongst visitors to Miami. This guide contains everything you need to know.
As of October 2013, the roads featuring cashless tolling include with more to be added in the future:
These tend to be the fastest routes between Miami Beach and the Greater Miami area to Homestead, Florida City, Redland, and the Florida Keys.
Simply drive through the gantry. Do not slow down, travel at the same highway speed. The registered owner of the vehicle will receive a bill for the toll plus a $2.50 administrative charge for that month. The toll rates are posted in advance of the toll gantry on the side of the road.
This is where it gets tricky (and sometimes surprisingly expensive). Each rental car company treats tolling differently. Some make tolling automatic, others require you to opt-in at the time of rental. If the company you rent from requires you to opt-in to the tolling scheme, be careful. If you don't opt-in and go through a cashless toll gantry or opt to use a Sunpass lane, you will incur a hefty 'administration charge' for each infraction. For all companies, you can expect an additional charge to your credit card for tolls or penalties 3-4 days after the rental.
Following is are the fees charged by the major rental car companies. If a company is listed as opt-in, you must decide at the time of rental if you want to participate in automatic tolling. Failing to do so can expose you to large administrative fees per infraction.
Where opt-in is automatic (or if you fail to opt-in but use a Sunpass lane anyway) the charges will appear on you credit card without notice some time later, usually long after the car is returned.