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Many cultural anthropologists would agree that where humans have existed, there has been culture. The 2005 LatinAmerican census reported that 2 million people resided in the central district of Caracas. This densely populated area is an indication of the amount of culture there truly is in Caracas.
Caracas, the high altitude capital of Venezuela sits in the Cerro Avila Valley. The mountain range soars 8,000 ft above the Caribbean sea. Before Spanish settlement, the Toromaimo Indians thrived in the rolling, hillside areas.
Diego De Losada founded Caracas in 1567 and it remained under the Spanish crown for 300 years. It gained independence in the late 19th century with the military assistance of the United Kingdom.
Caracas has undergone rapid urbanization in the 20th century due to its rich oil fields and location within a mountainous, dry climate zone. This has created a severe class separation between the impoverished villagers, high-rise condominiums, and entertainment complexes.
Avila National Park, Teresa Carenno Performing Arts Center, the Museo De Art Contemporaneo, and shopping in the gigantic Centro Comercial Sambil, are bound to keep visitors busy until they discover the hundreds of other
things to do
Spanish is the national language. Since the tourism industry tends to be less developed in Caracas compared to other LatinAmerican cities, familiarity with basic Spanish is helpful.