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Considered to be in use during the period of 1st century BC
to 9th century AD, primarily by Buddhist monks, the caves were chiseled out of a massive basaltic rock outcropping. Most of the 109 Buddhist caves chiseled out of
the volcanic rock are spartan and unadroned simple small chambers, known as viharas. However, the most
appealing is the Chaitya cave, built sometime during the 4th to 5th Century
AD, shows signs of decorative woodwork on the roof still present, and is
definitely a big draw for the tourists.There are many sculptured statues of Buddha, on the outer sides of the
wall, mainly in the Avalokiteswara incarnation.