You don't need to get far from Moscow to go way back in time:

  •  The towns of Vladimir and Suzdal, about 100 miles east on the M-7, contain numerous historic sites, such as ancient churches and fortresses.  The best-known include the 12th-century Cathedral of the Assumption in Vladimir and the 11th-century Suzdal Kremlin.  Vladimir has developed into a fairly large city around it's historic center, while Suzdal remains more of a village.  Travel by mass transit is possible by bus, but difficult, particularly the travel between the two towns.
  • Sergiev Posad, 50 miles NE of the center, is well-visited for its famous Russian Orthodox monastery.  It can be reached by train from Yaroslavsky Station.