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To get around Shenzhen, the traveler should picture the city following a primarily East-West orientation. The city has four central districts that comprise what is known as the Special Economic Zone (SEZ - the first of its kind in China): Luohu, Futian, Nanshan and Yantian. The two large districts outside of the SEZ, Bao'An and Longgang were recently subdivided into four additional "new districts": Guangming, Pingshan, Dapeng, and Longhua. Bao'An and Longang still exist as districts.
In these six districts and four new districts, distributed among permanent and temporary residents, contain over 11 million people. Shenzhen is a city in rapid development and many foreign businessmen arrive in the city to evaluate investing opportunities. This plus the constant migration of workers from other regions of China creates a mobility in the city that is reflected in the spectacular growth of the neighborhoods and the mobility of people among them.
This makes quite a difference to the small bordertown that existed before 1980 when Shenzhen was established as a Special Economic Zone. Over the 80's and until today the city has been a magnet for people and money that guarantees its continous development. Now, Shenzhen is a modern city with excellent utilities services, efficient transportation (it has an excellent subway system that takes you everywhere in town), good schools, comprehensive medical facilities that service its inhabitants.
Each district and new district contains mutiple neighborhoods and 'urban villages' with a wide range of personalities and feel. Luohu is arguably the oldest development in the city, containing the popular areas of Dongmen Market, East Lake Park, Wutong Mountain, Lychee Park, Xianhu Botanical Garden, and Hongfa Temple. Yantian is the cleanest and quietest area of Shenzhen. There you can find Minsk World, Haishan Park, and access to Zhongying St, as well as OCT East and the beaches of Dameisha and Xiaomeisha. Futian is the financial and business center of the city. The Central Business District (CBD) is home to the largest grouping of skyscrapers, shopping malls, and financial institutions. Nanshan is largely residential, containing the neighborhoods of Overseas Chinese Town (OCT), Shekou, Costal City, and Baishizhou, among others. There are many parks and shopping plazas for entertainment and leisure.
Dapeng new district is where to find the city's more remote beach access. Guangming and Pingshan are largely devoted to manufacturing. Longhua has more neighborhoods devoted to new residences, as well as Shenzhen's North Railway Station, which has high-speed train connections to other major cities. Bao'An and Longgang are largely residential, where the city's working population resides. Bao'An houses the airport, Kingway Brewery, and several parks and mountains. Longgang, in addition to being residential, is the site of many athletic facilities from the 2011 Universiade Games and historic Hakka Culture sites.