Split is the largest city on the coast of the Adriatic which began sometime in the 3rd Century as a Greek settlement.  It was once the retirement home of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, who lived there in the early 4th Century in a sea-side palace built for that purpose.  After his death, many other Roman Emperors used the house as a retreat.  After the Romans left the city in the 7th Century, Split fell into the hands of several other rulers including Venice in the 15th Century, the Austrians in the 18th Century, and France for a brief time before becoming part of Yugoslavia in 1918.  The city was occupied by Italy during World War II and is still home to many Italian immigrants today.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union and the break up of Yugoslavia, Split has been part of Croatia.  Today the city is a major tourist destination all year round as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.