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There is very important information you have to know if you finally decided to visit Cairo. It is the capital of Egypt,most people start their trips from Cairo and probably the first sight you will meet is Cairo airport .
When to visit Cairo/Egypt:
High season is October to April. The daytime is still sunny throughout the winter which makes perfect weather for travelling and visiting the country’s many impressive historic sites.
The summer months are considered off-peak, sites are quieter and more peaceful, and prices are generally lower. If you visit during this period try to do your sight seeing before lunch time when the heat becomes unbearable. Summer afternoons in Egypt should be spent doing as little as possible.On the evenings weather usually become cooler and nicer.
Egypt independant VS Organized tour:
Egypt is very safe country with very low crime level compared to US and Europe but there are number of touts you will meet every where specially at historical sites (Pyramids,Luxor temple and Karnak temple). It would be better to book organized tour if you have never been to third world countries/Eastern Asia on your own before and to be able to enjoy your time more without any kind of hassling.Egypt Visa:
US, UK, Japan and Australian citizens plus some other European and South Eastern countries can get visa on arrival to Egypt.
Citizens from Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chechnya, Croatia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Lebanon, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, the Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Vietnam and all African countries currently require pre arrival visa.
What to see in Cairo?
If you have two days in Cairo the best itinerary is one day in Giza where you can visit: Great Pyramids,Saqqara,Memphis and Dahshur if you have time and energy.
The other day in Cairo where you can visit: Egyptian museum (known also as Cairo museum), Old Islamis & Coptic Cairo and Khan-Khalili.
If you have more days to spend in Cairo then you can explore more places of this great historic city like Pharaonic Village,Azhar park,Whirling Dervishes shows,Cairo opera house and much more....
It is possible also to do Alexandria overday tour from Cairo.Alexandria city is 220KM north of Cairo,it is the second largest city in Egypt and contain main roman historical sites as Greek people lived there for long time.
What to do on the evening?
There are several activities could be done in Cairo on the evening and here some of most common:
1-Giza pyramids light and sound show
3-Felucca tour on the nile
Transportation in Cairo:
The most common mean of transport for tourists is Taxi.If you plan to travel by yourself and use public transportation note the following:
There are 3 types of Taxis in Cairo,yellow cap,white cap and black/white. The blacik/shite is NOT metered however it is common that yellow and white cap drivers will claim that meter does not work to charge you more when they find that you are tourist.
What to wear in Cairo:
If you are travelling in Summer so Loose and light cotton clothing is absolutely essential.For women it is strongly advisable to dress conservative specially when visiting churches and mosques women should not wear shorts, mini-skirts or tank tops.
Bring shirts that cover your shoulders or T-shirts are fine,cover your legs with long,cotton Indian skirts or jeans. If you follow this formula, it indicates a respect for the culture and, you won’t be approached or offended by many local men if you try to go around by yourself apart from your daily tour activities.
Cairo is very safe even at late night however there are some thing that you have to put in your mind,
1-Don't talk with strangers or trust them, especially those who seem to be very friendly.
2-Try to learn Arabic numbers if possible and have a look at Egyptian currency notes on the internet to avoid common money scams there. Check this link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian...
3-Avoid tap water as much as possible and buy bottled water.
People in Egypt:
Apart from the touts, Egyptian people are very friendly and helpful. We can say that Egyptian people are villagers and those you can meet in Luxor and Aswan and see them while you are in your train from Cairo to Luxor as most of Egypt land along the Nile River is green land and people live on selling crops they plant. Bedouin people who live in Sinai and Egypt desert generally and they are about 5% of total population.The rest are modern Egyptians who live in Cairo and Alexandria and work in companies or factories and dress western style. Most of those people graduated from universities and many of them speak good English and can communicate with you well if you need some help.
Religion in Egypt:
Islam is the official religion for 90% of population and it is the most important influence on culture in Egypt. And this applies even for non-adherents like Coptic Christians (10%). Perhaps for this reason, crime is virtually nonexistent. The society is conservative, especially on issues related to women. Women are expected to be modest in dress and manner - no flimsy attire or loud talking and laughing, for example. The men are very happy with their position in this patriarchal society.
The people are generally friendly, hospitable and very accommodating especially towards visitors. But visitors need to keep their religion to themselves - proselytizing is illegal here.
Muslims pray 5 times daily:at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. The exact time is listed in the local newspaper each day. Friday is the Muslim holy day. Everything is closed. Many companies also close on Thursday, making the weekend Thursday and Friday. During the holy month of Ramadan all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk and are only permitted to work six hours per day. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing.In general, things happen more slowly during Ramadan. Many businesses operate on a reduced schedule. Shops may be open and closed at unusual times.