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In the whole island of Mauritius there are hundreds of building and monuments that are listed as National Monuments of Mauritius, since there is a rich and diverse colonial history in this town. In Port-Louis, which was founded by Mahe de Labourdonais in 1735, the Place D’Armes is the main center of the town, with harbor and surrounding buildings. In this area, there are several French colonial buildings that date back to the 18 th century, such as the Government House. The area also have two cathedrals, one that is Protestant and one that is Catholic.
Throughout the city, one can see how the colonial style of architecture has influenced traditional Mauritian houses, which are basically wooden, with shuttered windows and typically large verandahs or porches. While unfortunately today, most buildings are constructed from concrete and detract from much of this architecture, visitors can still see the vestiges of the original colonial architecture in this old part of town.The Fort Adelaide was a citadel build during the reign of Willian IV. This fort has a great view of the rest of the city. Also in the south of Port Louis lies the traditional colonial residence, called Le Reduit. Visitors come to this house to see its well-manicured gardens and visit where the French governors used to call home during their time of settlement.
Mahebourg, which is good to visit on a day trip from Port Louis, is technically the oldest part of Mauiritius. This is located on the Vieux Grand Port, where there was an intense naval battle between the French and British over control of this area in 1810. In this locale there is an old French house, dating from the 18 th century, that is now used as a historic Museum. There is also an artist village, located in the gardens of the museum, that is built in historic “Creole” (or Kriol) architecture.