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Tunisia and thanks to its very strategic location at the Mediterranean has known various cultures and civilisations.
The first inhabitants were the Berbers who settled on the mountains. Nowadays there are many Berber villages conserving their traditions and Berber customs.
Tunisia was introduced officially into history with the arrival of the Phoenians who founded many trading posts, like Utica Hadrumatum and especially Carthage, which was a great maritime and commercial empire. Carthage was totally destroyed by the Romans.
Tunisia was Romanized and then Christianized and was invaded by the Vandals and the Byzantines, till the arrival of the Arabs who founded the town of Kairouan. Various dynasties dominated Tunisia,the Aghlabites, the Fatimids and the Hafcides.
Tunisia was colonised by France in 1881 and achieved its independence in 1956.