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Palanga International Airport (IATA/FAA code PLQ - just in case your travel agent doesn't know; ICAO code EYPA) has experienced leap growth since 2004 into 2006 (the time of publishing this article.) Several dozen European cities have daily direct flights to Palanga International. Multiplied by the number of possible connections, handy convenient ins and outs are possible from virtually any airport in Northern Hemisphere. A major airline, SAS Scandinavian had introduced two daily flights in 2004 making such connections possible. During summer of 2012, SAS had also operated flights to/from Oslo, Norway. flysas.com may not show the most convenient connections. For example, flying from Chicago O'Hare (ORD) to Palanga via Stockholm onto Copenhagen is possible and shaves off four hours of travel time. Such routing offers even a better transatlantic connection to Lithuania than flying to Vilnius. The routing had remained invisible on flysas.com website in 2012, leaving the good old Vytis Tours (vytistours.com) among the best "make it happen" professional travel agencies.
The official site of Palanga International Airport is www.palanga-airport.lt/en/?
June of 2006 has seen IATA "consigning" PLQ as Klaipeda's airport in spite of Klaipeda having its own KLJ. This has created a rapidly ensuing confusion for travelers looking for accommodation in Palanga. Searching for a place to stay in Palanga had begun revealing properties in Klaipeda often misplaced as being in the middle of Palanga resort.
The new North passenger terminal opened on October 26, 2007 adding two thousand square meters of space. The expansion has also lenghtened the runway by 300 meters and widened it to 45 meters. Norwegian Air Shuttle has begun offering two weekly flights from/to Oslo starting in February 2008.
airBaltic has been steadily servicing Palanga-Riga (RIX) since 2009 which has introduced a low-cost airline into the market.
Direct Moscow - Palanga flights, flown on Sundays by Rusline in summer of 2012 have represented a rather seasonal commitment to serve the route.
One of the two Lithuania's four-to-six lane roads that bear similarity with North American highways and German Autobahns connect Vilnius and Kaunas with Klaipeda. Short portions of the remaining umpteen kilometers to southern Palanga's border have been reconstructed in 2006 to make most of that last stretch a four-lane highway.
Unlike in Lithuania's neighboring Poland with highly developed railroad network, Palanga is rather best reached by bus with up to eight daily departures from Vilnius or Kaunas. Express busses offer the convenience of reaching Palanga in four hours from Vilnius and less than three hours from Kaunas. It is therefore advisable to choose the right bus, as non-express busses will take seven hours from Vilnius to take you on a tour with all imaginable stops on the way.
Bus is also often the only option to get to Palanga from Riga (Latvia.)
Eurolines will get you no farther than Klaipeda.
Palanga doesn't have its own train station. The nearest one is in Kretinga some 15 kilometers (10 miles) East. The closest major one is almost twice farther South in Klaipeda. As of 2006, LG ( Lietuvos Gelezinkeliai-Lithuanian Railroads; http://www.litrail.lt/wwwEN.nsf ) offer two daily Vilnius-Kretinga-Klaipeda runs in both directions. LG is known to be generous to offer student, youth, senior and other discounts. This describes a journey by train from Vilnius to Kretinga and by taxi to Palanga. Flying into Palanga and continuing onto Western Lithuania by train all the way to Siauliai is a gateway of convenience.
Sea ferries can carry either you or your party and your car on its Kiel (Germany) ferry to and from Klaipeda with departures every other day, taking some 20 hours of sea experience. Karlskrona in Sweden is another origin/destination port for the same ferries.
Some timetables and hints at getting more information are available at http://www.keltas.lt/eng/