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Numerous historical landmarks in Roses date to very early BC times, pre-Mesopotamia and pre-Egypt, these Stone Age remains still standing as testament to the five-thousand-plus years of heritage visitors can see upon arrival here.
It is believed the Neolithic people built the menhirs in an effort to cope with ideas of death, and these funeral chambers are some of the most stunning prehistorical monuments one can find in all of Europe.
With the advent of bronze and complex systems of agriculture, trade in the area of Roses flourished, with pre-Rome civilizations such as those of the Etruscans and the Phoenicians.
After some hundreds of years under Roman and Barbarian rule, the bishopric in Roses came into being, as did those of neighbors Gerona and Barcelona. Later, under Arab rule, Roses would gain much in the way of Moorish culture and heritage, a political period that would come to an end with the reunification of Spain, which was completed by 1492.
In the 1600’s, Roses endured brief but severe occupation by the French, which would last until the Treaty of the Pyrenees of 1658.
Although the city would suffer under more French invasions, a nineteenth-century plague, and a Spanish Civil War, after 1960 Roses would thrive again and its population would grow as it became one of the country’s leading tourist destinations.