Located in southern Australia, and due to the distance from the sea as well as its higher elevation, the capital city features four full seasons. The south of Australia has a climate that is comparable in ways to those of many of the states in the northern part of the United States. As a result of its location, the weather is also similar to the American plains, with hot but dry summers, and equally cold winters. Snowfall isn’t as common however, and when it does snow it doesn’t generally last.

Summer is from late December until late March, this being the opposite of the northern hemisphere, and January and February are the warmest month with temperatures that are in the mid to upper 80s F or high 20s to mid 30s C during the day and in the 60s F or high teens C at night.

The rainy season is in the spring and throughout the summer from October through March, and along with being the hottest month, January can also be quite wet. The storms in the summer however are quick and passing, and it is the early spring months that have the most days and greatest rainfall.

The winters are cold in Canberra and if you’re visiting in July and August you should plan accordingly, with the same type of clothing that you’d wear in Chicago in December. Daytime temperatures range from the low 40s F to the mid 50s F or 5C to the mid teens C. Nights are often at or below freezing, with lowest temperatures around  23F or -5C.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Canberra Weather