One of the first places you'll want to visit in Positano is the Church of Santa Maria Assunta, conveniently located in the center of town. Perhaps that is because, since its beginning, it has been a center of activity for the faithful residents of Positano. The architecture of the church is typical of the area, with its domes and stucco work. One of its pieces of artwork is a Byzantine panel made of wood. The panel depicts the Virgin Mother and Child and has an interesting legend associated with it, from which the town of Positano supposedly got its name. The Santa Maria Maddelina is a church in nearby Atrani where the village dates from about the tenth century.

One of the interesting attractions (though in some cases beleaguring) of Positano, is its stairs. Not just one or two flights here and there, but a townful of stairs, and the higher you go, the nicer the view. It's what keeps you going, even when your knees are giving out. Or, if you're descending, the beach is your motivation. Good walking shoes are highly recommended, no matter what you plan to do while in Positano.

Speaking of walking shoes, the Sentiero Degli Dei Path is a nice hiking trail in the upper reaches of Positano, between towns, and worth doing in the morning before the heat of the day or perhaps later in the afternoon. The views are spectacular, though not for the easily intimidated.

A little less than an hour from Positano is the famous ex-city of Pompei, Italy. Destroyed in 79 AD by an eruption of the volcanic Mount Vesuvius, Pompei is under constant archaeological excavation, but open to visitors. A visit to Pompei is intriguing and sad at the same time.