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The Natural History Museum is located downtwon, at Burgring 7, just in front of the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
The Natural History Museum of Vienna is among the largest of its kind in Europe and one of the nicest in the world. It has 39 exhibition halls with thousands of objects representing the Earth and Life Sciences that show the wonderful diversity of nature. Precious minerals, unique meteorites, rare fossils, huge dinosaurs, and unique prehistoric findings, such as the famous Stone Age Venus of Willendorf (discovered in Lower Austria in 1906), are presented on the mezzanine level. The first floor is dedicated to the immense variety of animal life.
The Museum has today a total of ~30 million specimens in his collections. Originally, in 1748, it was the private collection of the Emperor Franz I Stephan von Lothringen, the husband and co-regent of Empress Maria Theresa.
Within a few hours you can see most of the highlights of the Museum collection; by turning right after entering the building, you will enter the large Halls of Mineralogy in which you will discover thousand of minerals and rocks, a veritable rainbow of colors (it's amazing what nature can make!), and unique gems and precious stones. In the last hall (no. 4) you should not miss (before entering the meteorite hall) the wonderful bouquet of precious stones (made of more than 2,100 diamonds and hundreds of other precious stones!). You will then enter the newly renovated meteorite hall that is, with more than 1,100 meteorites, the world's largest meteorite exhibit. Be sure to see the meteorites from Mars and from the Moon and to enjoy the multimedia stations, especially the "Impact Simulator" that allows you to simulate the impact of an asteroid on the city of Vienna. You can even touch a few meteorites, including one that weighs almost 1 ton (just amazing!). You will then continue your visit with the discovery of some unique aspects of the geologically active Earth. Then the collection of fossils is just incredible; You will be able to "travel to ancient times" and see the variety of past species; Some of these fossils seem drawn from science fiction movies... Especially when you enter the Dinosaur Hall, one of the biggest attractions of the Museum. In this hall you will discover the largest turtle fossil you can see anywhere else (so big!); In the other end of the hall your kids will love the very realistic, more than 6 m high, Animatronics-model of an Allosaurus, one of the most dangerous predator of the late Jurassic time. You should then continue your visit with the prehistory halls; Be sure to stop by the Venus of Willendorf on your left in the "dark room". You will finally arrive in the new anthropology exhibition where you will be able to have a closer look at the evolution of man. If after all that you have still some time and power, you should also explore the first floor to see the incredible variety of animal life; an invitation to a virtual travel to the four corners of the globe. You will discover amazing animals, some really exotic birds, very colorful, or with very strange appearance, but also species from the deep oceans, such as the coelacanths. Several unique specimens of extinct species of turtles, the Tasmanian tiger, and the most complete skeleton of a Dodo can also be seen!