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The ruins of ancient Corinth are spread out at the foot of the huge rock of Acrocorinth. The monuments are mainly Roman; only a few are Greek.
You can trace the Long Walls which began at the summit of Acrocorinth and descended all the way to Lechaion (Leheo), the artificial harbour on the Corinthian Gulf. Lechaion was the start of Lechaion road which led to the ancient agora. This was paved with flagstones and line with sidewalks, arcades and shops.
The area of the marketplace was filled with imposing buildings, temples and business emporia.
The Doric temple of Apollo (6th c. BC with 1st c. AD restorations) stands on a knoll to the north of the agora; it is the most important monument of that period.
To the northwest of the agora lie the ruins of the 4th century BC theatre - which underwent some changes in the Roman era - and the Roman Odeon.
The museum is in the southwest sector of the site. It contains mosaic floors, Mycenaean and Corinthian pottery, terra cotta sphinxes, statues of two supernatural beings, relief plaques, the Roman head of the Goddess Tyche and small objects of various kinds. On the north side of the building one can see the remains of the fountain of Glauke hewn out of the rock.
Glauke, daughter of King Creon, was the reason why Jason deserted Medea. In revenge Medea sent her as a wedding gift a poisoned mantle which envelopped the girl in flames the moment she put it on. In order to save herself she leapt into the fountain which since then has borne her name.
The imposing mass of Acrocorinth (Akrokorinthos) rises out of the ground at the edge of the ancient city.
At the top of the pinnacle, at an altitude of 575 metres, stood the acropolis of Corinth during ancient and medieval times. This is the largest and oldest fortress in the Peloponnese. The Franco-Byzantine-Venetian fortifications (built atop the ancient walls) and Turkish additions have left deep signs of their successive claims to supremacy. At the summit, which offers a magnificent view, there were a vast number of shrines and temples dominated by the Temple of Aphrodite. Lower down is the Upper Peirene Spring. Pausanias mentions that Peirene was a woman who was transformed into a spring by the tears she shed for her son who had been killed by Artemis.
If a modern visitor today could imagine the Isthmus of Corinth in its original, natural state before human purpose and modern technology sliced a canal through it, he would feel overwhelmed pondering over the excessive hassles an ancient seafarer had to put up with in order to transport his entire ship and precious cargo intact across land from shore to shore. To say the least, it must have been a spectacular feat to slide a ship on a masonry trail known by the name of DIOLKOS for which ("Corinth of the twin seas") was famous and esteemed highly in classical antiquity. Anguish and anxiety were undoubtedly salient features of the Diolkos experience. Nonetheless, at a time when technology was in a state of infancy, man's creative mind invented this - all the same cumbersome -method to bypass a caprice of nature. Of course, seen otherwise, the narrow strip of land which connected Peloponnisos with the mainland to the north was an unmatched gift which Nature has bestowed on men. It was quite like a Pandora's Box - if man could only scale it to a measure which served his diverse needs. The Isthmus of Corinth was therefore, at the same time, a bliss and a curse of the gods.
The most significant pan-Hellenic games, after the “Olympia” games, were the ones held at Isthmia. The Isthmian celebrations, which lasted many days, were held every second year, in honor of Poseidon. The celebrations included events such as chariot races, horse races, wrestling, races, pentathlon and pagratio (a contest combining wrestling and boxing), as well as music, rhetoric and painting contests.
The pan-Hellenic significance of Isthmia is also obvious from the fact that the Greeks gathered frequently at Isthmia, in order to make serious decisions: in 480/479 B.C., to decide how to confront the invasion of Xerxes, in 338/337 B.C., to participate in the pan-Hellenic meeting that Philip had convened, and shortly afterwards, they gathered to elect Alexander as the leader in the campaign against the Persians. It was there also that in 196/195 B.C., Quinctius Flaminius declared the independence of the Greek cities.
Nemea ( Aercheological Site)
Nemea is situated at north-eastern Peloponnisos, in the region of Korinthia. To reach Nemea by car, starting from Athens, you’ll first have to drive about 85 km west, on the motorway to Korinthos, and then turn SW on the motorway to Tripoli for another 30 km until Ancient Nemea (Arhaia Nemea or Iraklio) junction, or for 5 more km until Nemea junction.
I suggest that you should leave the motorway at the first junction, so that you could first visit the site of Ancient Nemea. There, you could visit the ancient temple of Nemean Zeus and the nearby ancient stadium where the ancient Nemean games used to take place.
The ancient stadium is in a good condition, even nowadays! Since 1996, the society for the revival of the Nemea games works for the revival of these games in their ancient spirit. The modern Nemean games take place in the ancient stadium every 4 years, from 1996 and on.
Loutraki www.loutraki.grThe Municipality of Loutraki – Perachora is the most touristically developed municipality in the prefecture of Corinthia, with a very high tourist activity by Greek standards. Beyond any shadow of doubt, Loutraki is a popular tourist resort, due to its therapeutic tourism, as well as to the relaxation, recreation and sightseeing tourism. The touristic infrastructure of the Municipality of Loutraki – Perachora, is especially developed. There are a lot of hotels of all categories, as well as a number of guest houses and rooms to rent, ready to welcome visitors all year round, providing them with excellent services in a hospitable and friendly environment! The unique combination of the climate conditions and the exquisite natural environment, make Loutraki an ideal place with limitless possibilities for both winter and summer tourism and unforgettable holidays.