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Archaeological discoveries indicate that that the area was relatively well-developed more than one hundred thousand years ago. Of course, this is not relevant to the human history of the area which begins, in all likelihood, with the Celtic settlement of Maastricht . After the Celts came the Romans who were the ones to fully develop the area. Roman cities were built all along the Meuse River in the area which is now Maastricht and there are even remains of Roman Baths within the city. (See
for information about a museum housed on the site of one of these baths.)
Much of Maastricht ’s history is a religious history.
The area is known for being home to famous religious figures from the bishop Saint Servatius in the ancient days to Pope John Paul II who visited in the early 1980’s.
In addition to its religious history, Maastricht has a history of battle for its control. During the Middle Ages, the battle was between the prince of Liege and the Duchy of Brabant. Later, the Dutch came in and took control. This control was sacrificed to the Spanish for a time and then to the French before being returned to the Dutch.