This article outlines the various ways of getting from and to Rome Fiumicino (FCO) airport (also known as Leonardo da Vinci airport). The various options are listed, approximately, from least to most expensive. The cost of private car services varies depending on number in the party and other factors. The more expensive options are often also more convenient, although convenience depends also on the location of your hotel. It's a good idea to get a map of Rome and become familiar with the location of your hotel and of the places mentioned in this article.

Buses

Buying bus tickets online is usually cheaper but not recommended.  If you get a ticket online you might save one or two euros but you're forced to use that service even if there's another bus that offers the same exact service for the same exact destination (Termini) and leaves immediately instead of half an hour later.  Just buy a ticket for the bus that leaves sooner directly at the bus stop. Buses take about 45 minutes to get to Rome Termini station from Fiumicino airport in normal traffic conditions, but can take considerably longer if traffic is heavy. For a return trip to the airport, allow lots of extra time, because at busy times, buses fill up quickly and you may have to wait longer for a bus than you anticipated. 

At Fiumicino airport, the bus departure points are outside of Terminal 3, to your right as you leave the terminal.  

Roma Airport Bus 

T.A.M. (€5 per person online or on the bus ) Between 08:00 and 23:30, this shuttle service operates between FCO (Terminal 3) to Termini Station. The buses are located at Terminal 3, and ticket price is €5.00 per person online or in person.  Open return tickets cost €8.00 per person. From Termini Station (on right side as you are facing the station) they travel between 04:30 and 20:30.  They also stop in the center of Fiumicino town, and at Piazzale 12 Ottobre, near Ostiense train station, where you can connect to some Italo high-speed trains.

Terravision Shuttles (Single €4 per person online, €6 at the booth and Return €8 per person online, €11 at the booth (although these prices can change and it is possible to buy the tickets at the online price at the booth!). Between 05:35 and 23:00, this shuttle service operates between FCO (Terminal 3) to Termini Station (Via Marsala). See http://www.terravision.eu/airport_tra... .It's advised not to book tickets online (see above), but if you've booked online be aware that the voucher you receive must be redeemed for a ticket at the Terravision ticket office in Terminal 3. There have been many negative reviews of this service, especially for the return trip to the airport, as it may take some time to get a bus that has available seats. Reserving your departure time for the return trip may or may not help to avoid a long wait.  

SIT Airport Bus (€5 per person online, €6 at bus station). SIT run more than 20 buses daily in each direction. They run between 05.00 and 20.30 from Rome, and between 08.30 and 00.30 from FCO. The stops in central Rome are at Piazza Indipendenza (near Termini station) and Via Crescenzio (near Castel Sant'Angelo). The journey between FCO and Termini takes about 50 minutes. See http://www.sitbusshuttle.it/index.php...  If you are catching the SIT bus do arrive at your stop at least 20 minutes before the scheduled departure; buses can arrive - and leave - early. At the airport, the pick up and drop- off points are outside the arrivals hall at Terminal 3.  This is a considerable distance from Terminals 1 and 2, where all domestic and inter-Schengen flights arrive and depart.

Cotral night bus to and from Tiburtina and Termini (€7 on bus, €5 if bought in advance)  For those neadd to travel to or from Fiumicino airport at a very late or very early hours, when the trains and other buses are not running, there is a night bus that connects central Rome to Fiumicino airport for a one-way cost of €5 (or €7 if the ticket is bought on the bus. See the schedule at http://www.cotralspa.it/PDF_Areoporti.... For a trip to the airport, you ca buy the ticket the day before at one of the sales points mentioned on the schedule. At the same time, you should locate the bus stop (it is located near the metro bus stops in Piazza Cinquecento; to the right of the pope JPII statue if you are facing him) so that you don't have to search for it in the dark with your luggage.  

If you're unfamiliar with the shuttle/transfer options, try using Mozio.com. They cover a range of shuttle and taxi service providers and it's easy to compare costs and book.

Termini station closes at midnight, and it's not advisable to wait around outside the station for long periods after that time. 

Cotral bus plus train or metro (about €3 per person).  You can also get to central Rome using only public transportation. Although it would cost only a little less than the Terravision shuttle, and would take longer if you were going to Termini station, it might be more convenient for people going to some parts of the city. You can take a Cotral bus from stops outside Terminal 2 or Terminal 3 to Ostia Lido, and take the Roma-Lido railway from there to Ostiense station, followed by Metro or bus to your final destination; the Cotral bus costs a few euros and the Roma-Lido railway can be ridden with the same bus-tram-metro ticket used by the rest of the ATAC (Rome's public transportation agency) network, which costs €1.50. You could also take a Cotral bus to the Anagnina Metro station, and take the A line from there. This route would be somewhat longer, but could be more convenient if your destination is on line A. The cost would be about the same. The tickets for the Cotral bus, as well as for the metro or a bus, can be bought at a tobacco shop or newsstand. If you buy a a BIRG ticket (€8), you can use it for the Cotral bus and for all metros, buses, trams, and urban trains (including the Lido train) for the rest of the day. This route isn't recommended for people with a lot of luggage. 


Suburban train (€8 per person).  The FL1 suburban service has a number of stops: those close to the centre of Rome are at Trastevere, Ostiense, Tuscolana, and Tiburtina stations. This is usually the best train to take if you're going to anywhere in Trastevere, or to the  Campo de' Fiori, Piazza Navona, or the Pantheon area. The trains leave Fiumicino airport starting at 5:57, with the last departure of the day at 22:42. The trip takes 26 minutes to Trastevere station and 48 minutes to Tiburtina station. Departures are frequent at the rush hours, and 15 to 20 minutes apart in the middle of the day. At Ostiense station, this service connects with metro line B, and also with high-speed Italo trains to Florence and points north.  At Tiburtina station, the FL1 connects with Metro line B and also to Italo and Trenitalia trains.  At Trastevere station, you can connect to tram (streetcar) line # 8, which runs along viale Trastevere (the main street of Trastevere), crosses the Tiber (running on Via Arenula) and ends at Piazza Venezia.  From the second-to-last stop (the "Arenula/Cairoli" stop) of the number 8 tram it's an easy walk to Campo dei Fiori and the Pantheon, especially if you don't have an excessive amount of luggage. At the Tuscolana station you would have to walk a few blocks West to get Metroline A at Ponte Lungo Station.  See all stops.

Express train (€14 per person). The Leonardo Express train is a non-stop service between FCO and Rome Termini (the main station). Trains depart every half hour from 6:23 to 23:23, and the trip takes 32 min. It is the most popular way to transit to central Rome so can get very busy. However, for many parts of central Rome, the suburban FL1 train (see above) would be a better choice.  

 Rome termini is the only major station in the city and very useful if your hotel is nearby or you want to walk or get the metro to other city areas, or even to catch a train to some other part of Italy. All trains to Florence and points north also stop at Tiburtina station, which is reached by the less expensive FL1 train.

Groups can buy the ten tickets book and save €25.00.

Note that tickets for both these trains are not for reserved seats. You can use the ticket at  any time within the next several months,  but the ticket must be validated just before travelling by punching the ticket in one of the little green and white oval machines dotted about the platform area. (Make sure it prints the time and date on the ticket.) If you fail to validate the ticket you could be fined, as you are effectively trying to travel on an open ticket. You may find a long queue at the first ticket machine you see on the way to the trains, but there are numerous machines/booths  and shops all selling tickets at the same price. There is also a travel agent across from the ticket booth, who will sell tickets to any destination in Italy, with no markup. 

Taxi (€48 per taxi). The fixed fare for a Rome taxi is €48 between FCO and central Rome (within the Aurelian walls) for up to four people and their luggage. The trip takes approximately 45 minutes to most parts of this central area. If your hotel is outside this area, you will have to pay whatever is on the meter. For a map of the area that's covered by fixed rate fares from the airports, and the current rates, see the Rome taxi fare schedule, in several languages, with a map of the fixed rate area on the last page: http://www.comune.roma.it/PCR/resourc...

For other journeys, ask around to see what the taxi should cost or get an estimate online. Have small bills to count out carefully when paying. If possible, snap a quick photo of the tag number on back of the taxi before you get in. Then you have a way to trace them if there are problems. 

Note that the fixed price from the airport to central Rome applies only to taxis licensed by the City of Rome; these taxis have the City Council's crest (with "SPQR") painted on the doors. Other taxis, such as those licensed by the Comune of Fiumicino, can charge by their meter. Insist on taking a Roman taxi: they now have the fixed rate to and from the airport (€48) printed on the doors. 

If you are travelling as a group of 4, a taxi is cheaper than the Leonardo Express train and avoids having to lug your suitcases to the train and then having to make connections on other transportation once you get to central Rome.

There is no need to reserve or pre-pay for a taxi going into Rome. There are plenty of taxis with larger capacity, for up to six people and luggage available  at the airport. (If you want a taxi to pick you up at your hotel for a return trip to the airport, you may want to reserve it in advance; your hotel should be able to do this for you, but make sure they don't reserve an expensive private transfer instead of a taxi. Private transfers are best reserved online using one of the web sites mentioned below.)

Uber: Be aware that Uber prices can vary dramatically eg  from 45 to 108 euros ..from Monteverde to Ciampino for 3 people. Get a fare estimate as time of day or heavy usage raises the cost.

Private car and driver (€45 and up per car). For perhaps less money than a taxi, you can have a driver waiting at the exit from Customs at FCO or at your door in Rome. There are three services that are highly recommended on the TA Rome forums. They are   www.romecabs.com , www.romeshuttlelimousine.com and www.airportconnection.it .   Private car services usually charge more if there are more than two or three people in the group, and also charge more for very early or very late trips, for holidays, and for extra luggage, so the service may or may not be cheaper than the train. You need to get a quotation for your particular situation. For up to three people, during the day, a private driver is often cheaper than a taxi. 

Avoid any car or shuttle service that requires payment in advance. The reliable companies ask for payment after they have provided the service.

Tipping: It is never necessary to tip for anything in Italy, although equally it is fine to give a small tip (no more than 10%) if you feel you have received excellent service. You are not obliged to give a tip to your car or taxi driver.