Spain was ruled by the Romans for about 7 centuries and the Romans left a large number of archaeological remains. This list shows where one can see them.

Merida

Merida is the city with the most Roman sites in Spain.

1. Theater and Amphitheater - These are still used during summer festival of classical theater.

2. Puente Romano - This Roman bridge over the Guadiana River is still used.

3. Aqueduct of Los Milagros - Was used to carry water to the city.

4. National Museum of Roman Art - This museum is inside a spectacular building designed by the famous architect Rafael Moneo and is the said to be the best Roman museum in Spain. There are large Roman statues and the floor mosaics are hung vertically on the walls so that they are easy to see.

5. The Alcazaba - This fort started as a Roman fort and then the Moors added to it.

6. Trajan Triumphal Arch - This is located in the middle of the city.

7. Temple of Diana - The columns of this big temple are still standing.

Segovia

The Aqueduct - This very high aqueduct at the entrance to the city is the best conserved in Spain. It was built at the end of the 1st century AD or the beginning of the 2nd century. It reaches a height of 28.5 metres.

 

Tarragona, Catalonia

1. The Walls of Tarraco - These are extensive walls of the city.

2. Aqueduct of Ferreras - The aqueduct is called the "Devil's Bridge".

3. National Archaelological Museum - This is a new museum and has many Roman remains.

4. Amphitheater - Only small portions have been preserved, by the archaeological museum.

Seville

1. Seville Archaeological Museum - Has a huge Roman collection of statues and floor mosaics that were found in the whole province of Seville.

2. The Palace of the Countess of Lebrija - This palace in the city centre and has some Roman floor mosaics, taken from Italica.

3. Italica - Ruins of a Roman city. The Roman emperors Trajan and Hadrian came from Italica. There is a huge amphitheater and the remains of many houses with beautiful mosaic floors.

Cordoba

Roman Bridge - Close to the Cathedral is the Roman Bridge, one that is still used, although by pedestrians only.

Malaga

Roman Amphitheater - This is a small amphitheater that leads to the Alcazaba.

Sagunto

Roman Theater - This has been partly restored and is located on the slope of the citadel hill.

Madrid

National Archaeological Museum of Spain - Located at the Plaza de Colon, the museum has a large number of Roman artifacts and statues from all over Spain

Antequera

The Municipal Museum at the Palace of Najera has the Ephebe of Antequera, the full scale statue of a nude youth in bronze, which is considered the most beautiful Roman bronze statue of Spain. There are only 6 bronze ephebes in Europe.

Zaragoza

The Forum Museum has the underground remains of the Roman forum and has many Roman remains. There are very good explanations of the running water systems used by the Romans.

Granada

The Museo Arqueologico located in the Albaycin district has a bronze Roman statue of a man in a toga. The title of this work of art is “Togado de Periate”.

Lugo

The Roman walls completely surround the city and there are 71 towers. They were constructed in the 3rd century and are a Unesco World Heritage Site.

A Coruña

The Tower of Hercules is said to be based upon a Roman lighthouse, built in the 2nd century and is still in use. It is a Unesco World Heritage Site.

Carmona

This city has an amphitheater, necropolis (with the remains of a thousand Roman families), and impressive archways.

Soria

Nearby there is the town of Numantia, which contains Roman ruins.

Toledo

The Alcantara Bridge dates from Roman times and the Alcazar was built on the site of a Roman fortress.

Leon

There is part of a Roman wall that once surrounded the city and includes the Ponces Tower, Castle Gate, and San Isidoro's Tower.

Gijon

In the Campo Valdes area are the Roman Baths, which include a hippocaust, a room that produced hot air for the baths.

Retortillo (Cantabria)

Augustus Caesar founded the city of Juliobriga, which means Fortified City of Julius. The name was chosen to honor Julius Caesar, the adoptive father of Augustus Caesar. There are many remains in this city today.

Ourense

The original Old Bridge over the Miño River was built by the Romans, although it was modified in the 13th and 17th centuries. The thermal springs at O Carballiño (nearby) were once used since Roman times.

Astorga

The Romans founded the city of Asturica, in 14 BC. Today this is Astorga and it has ruins of the Roman baths.

The Most Important Roman Cities of Spain

1. Hispalis - Present day Seville.

2. Emerita Augusta - Merida.

3. Gades - Cadiz.

4. Corduba - Cordoba.

5. Malaca - Malaga.

6. Cartago Nova - Cartagena.

7. Ilici - Elche.

8. Valentia - Valencia.

9. Toletum - Toledo.

10. Tarraco - Tarragona.

11. Complutum - Alcala de Henares.

12. Barcino - Barcelona.

13. Cesar Augusta - Zaragoza.

14. Secovia - Segovia.

15. Legio - Leon

16. Brigantium - Betanzos

17. Emporiae - Ampurias