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Hannover’s history dates back to the middle of the twelfth century, as early historical records bear a mention of the area, though it was not until about a hundred years later that the city received a charter.
Then a mere tiny agricultural settlement containing farmers, ferrymen, and fishers, an influx of artisans and merchants led to the medieval construction of numerous fortifications and gothic churches. Impacted by the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent century of religious war, the area suffered under the tumult and fragmentation that was then engulfing the whole of Europe.
A development of monarchical proportions would, however, put Hannover back on the road of ever-increasing prosperity: in 1714 the resident Duke, despite poor mastery of the English language, became King of England and by the 1800’s would have a counterpart king to match the newfound Anglo royalty. This truest of Anglo-Saxon unity would last until 1837, and upon the unification of Germany the city continued to industrialize and thrive economically.
Although World War Two decimated the city, leaving its economy disrupted and inhabitants homeless, postwar reconstruction revitalized commerce and led to some repopulation and increase in tourism. The culmination of Hannover’s continual growth was the EXPO 2000, in which more than twenty million people came to the technology exhibition and the city celebrated its rich heritage through a surge of tourist revenue and the public establishment of a turn-of-the-century identity.