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Burgundy, France, has a long human history, where large caches of flintstones (no relation to Fred) have been unearthed throughout the area. Archaeology has revealed that, over time, the area's inhabitants, originally hunters, added farming and agriculture to their talents. This caused the once mobile population of the area to settle and increase.
The territory which would eventually become Burgundy, was conquered by Julius Caesar and his armies between 58 and 51 BC. As the Roman Empire fell, Germanic tribes began to invade. Around 480, the Burgundii, a tribe from Savoy, conquered the area, forming the First Kingdom of Burgundy. This lasted unti 534, when the Franks invaded and conquered the kingdom and divided it several times. Eventually, two Burgundian kingdoms were founded: Provence, located in the south, and Transjurane Burgundy in the northern section. In 933 these two kingdoms were reunited into the Second Kingdom of Burgundy.
Present-day Burgundy was created as the Duchy of Burgundy in 877, though its succession of rulers, over time, acquired much territory, including the Netherlands and Belgium. By the fifteenth century, Burgundy was a hotbed of French politics, trade, industry, and agriculture, as well as art. In the late 1400s, French King Louis XI seized Burgundy and it became a province of France.
Burgundy eventually became known as wine country, and is France's most prolific producer of the fruit of the vine.