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St. Lucia is the birthplace of Nobel Laureate for literature,
Derek Walcott. Walcott, a poet took the prize in 1992 and has a major square in Castries named in his honor. The famous poet was born in Castries and writes in both English and a West Indian dialect. A good start for poetry lovers interested in Caribbean culture is his, "Collected Poems: 1948-1984".
For those more interested in biographical work, Bruce King has a richly informative book titled "Derek Walcott: A Caribbean Life". The book deals with the ever-so-interesting and challenging lifestyle that Walcott grew up amongst within an English speaking community of Protestant mulattos in a society of French-Creole, black Roman-Catholics. The biography gives great insight into the world that shaped this renowned poet.
Walcott wasn't the only Nobel Laureate hailing from St. Lucia however;
Sir Arthur Lewis won the prize for Economics in 1979. A book based on his work, "W. Arthur Lewis and the Birth of Development Economics" by Robert L. Tignor provides an overview of the impact this economist had on the 20th century.
A book intended for students makes for an interesting read and will provide much insight into the world of this island, called "Living in St. Lucia Pupil's Book" and is available to the public. But if you're more in the need of quick tourist information, why not try
Frommer's Caribbean Guide,
Lonely Planet, or
A 'must-read' for anyone interested in the island's colourful past is 'A History of St Lucia' written by Jolien Harmsen, Guy Ellis and Robert Devaux. Published by Lighthouse Road Books, this is a comprehensive account of the island's history from its geological formation and first inhabitants right through to the present day.