Farmington Plantation was build in 1816 by the Speed family and is the subject of the 1820 John Rutherford watercolor. It was a working hemp plantation and was the boyhood home of Abraham Lincoln's closest friend, Joshua Speed. The future president visited Farmington in 1841 and stayed to recover from depression.
In 2002, the Memorial to the Enslaved African Americans was dedicated and pays tribute to the those who worked in slavery to build our nation. Lincolns letter to Mary Speed in 1841 contains his first written commentary on enslaved African Americans.
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