Foreman Ivan Gorich monument can be equally called the memorial to the heroes of the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1791. It is very unusual, and I think deserves to be seen even if you are not too keen on the military history. It wasn’t too hard to find as it’s situated in the centre of Ochakiv, in a small public garden at the crossroad of Schmidt and (if I’m not mistaken) Lenin streets.
Ivan Gorich, the hero of 1768-1774 Russo-Turkish war, was a colonel then brigadier by the beginning of the next war of 1787. During the 1788 Ochakiv (the then Turkish fortress) military assault, Gorich was the commander of the largest and best-manned 6th column, assigned with direct attack of the fortress’ 5th bastion from the north-east. To cut the attack time, most of the military men used no ladders or entrenching equipment. At the head of the column, Gorich was one of the first up to the ramparts and died in the battle. Prince Grigory Potemkin described this moment of the Ochakiv assault in his report: “Intrepid hero foreman Gorich, who had marked his service with incredible bravery, was the first up on the bastion, together with his demise”.
The monument is symbolic; you won’t see the traditional statue of a military hero. Instead, it is represented by the eagle with outspread wings that is sitting on the top of the pyramid gathered from 30 cannonballs. Few more cannonballs are placed in each corner around the pyramid pedestal. This is not an original monument, but a somewhat rougher replica of the earlier one, created by the supreme permission in 1903.
Sadly, it has been too often in the focus of local vandals. Not only there were numerous attempts to steal the cannonballs, but also one of the plates on the monument had been stolen recently. Such a shame.