On Ivan Square in kremlin we saw the Tsar Bell and the Tsar Cannon, famous masterpieces of the Russian casting. The cannon, with a 40-ton barrel, was designed in 1586 to defend the Kremlin's Savior Gate, but it has never been fired. The chassis and the cannonballs alongside were built 3 centuries later and give a sense of the enormity of the weapon (though it was designed to fire stones and not cannonballs).
The bell is the largest in the world, at 200 tons, 6.1m (20 ft.) high, and 6.6m (22 ft.) in diameter. It was built in the 1730s it still remained in the moulding pit. In May, 1737, a terrible Troitskiy (Trinity) fire broke out in Moscow and spread to the Kremlin buildings. When the flames on the scarffolding around the bell were being extinguished, cold water fell on the bell itself. The difference in temperature caused it to crack, and a huge piece of 11,5 ton broke off... we got to see the broken bit as well as the bell and appreciated the history behind them
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