Thiruvananthapuram literally means Ananthapur, “the city of Anantha”. Aanantha is the puranic serpent Sesha on whom the Padnabha or Vishnu reclines. Sri Padmanabha swamy is the main deity of the temple and it is located at the centre of the city. Modern history begins with Marthandavarma, who is generally regarded as the father of modern Travancore and made Thiruvananthapuram as his capital. After Marthandavarma, it remained the capital of Travancore and after independence, became capital of Travancore Kochi. The accession of Maharaja Swathy Thirunal ushered in an epoch of cultural progress and economic prosperity also known as 'Golden Era'
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