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“The Great Patriotic WAR started here”

Memorial Complex Brest Hero-Fortress
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$203.92*
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Sightseeing tour Minsk - Mir Castle - Nesvizh...
Ranked #1 of 36 things to do in Brest
Certificate of Excellence
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Recommended length of visit: 2-3 hours
Owner description: The Brest Fortress (the Brest-Litovsk Fortress) was one of the fortresses built in 1830-40s to strengthen the western borders of the Russian Empire. It was commissioned on April 26, 1842 and was considered as one of the strongest European fortresses of that period. However it wasn't tested in real battles for a long time. During the World War I the garrison was evacuated according to the order of the High Command and the Fortress was used as a Headquarters of Kaiser's Germany Eastern Front. After October Socialist Revolution Russia became Soviet. On the territory of the Brest Fortress the Soviet government signed the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty with Germany and its allies (March 3, 1918), declaring the end of the WWI between them. After the Soviet-Polish war the Fortress ceded to Poland and was used as a military cantonment of the Polish Army. When the World War II erupted the Polish garrison was defending the Fortress from German aggressors for 3 days, but had to leave it. In September 1939 the Brest Fortress became Soviet. Two military divisions of the Red Army were stationed here. The Western Bug river flowing through the Fortress became a new borderline between Germany and the Soviet Union. On June 22, 1941 Germany invaded the USSR all along its borders. Units of Wehrmacht attacked the Fortress at 4.15 in the morning and surrounded it by 9 a.m. About 4.000 Soviet soldiers and commanders had to engage in battle with the enemy, having no opportunity to leave the besieged Fortress. The Fortress' Defence was the defence of its separate centres without Headquarters. Only in Citadel (the Central island) the defenders managed to create the united command on June 24, 1941. By the end of June most of the Fortress' territory was controlled by the Wehrmacht, though some defence sectors fought on till July, 12 (the Eastern Redoubt). The last known defender of the Brest Fortress Major P.Gavrilov was taken prisoner of war on July 23, 1941 - on the 32nd day of the war. But there were also other defenders. One of them used his bayonet to the rifle to write his last words on the brick wall of the barracks: "I'm dying, but I'm not surrendering. Farewell to the Motherland. 20/07/41".The Brest Fortress abundantly poured with the blood of its defenders became a sacred place for the people of the USSR. It became a symbol of courage, fortitude and military valor of a Soviet soldier. For the mass heroism shown during the defence, it was awarded the title of the Hero-Fortress (May 8, 1965). To commemorate the perished defenders it was decided to build a Memorial Complex. It was designed and constructed by the group of Soviet architects and sculptors with A.Kibalnikov at the head. The opening ceremony was held on September 25, 1971. The Memorial Complex "Brest Hero-Fortress" is a national shrine of the Republic of Belarus. More than 21 mln people from 120 countries around the world have already visited it. So driving through Brest be sure to see it!
Reviewed August 20, 2017

The old fortress is a memorial of the hardship and the bravery of the Belarus people during the Great Patriotic War or Second World War as called in the west.
Belarus suffered greatly during the war. More than 30% or 2,5 million died during the war from 1941 to 1945.
Germans attacked the fortress June 22 at 4 am 1941.
Moving statues in memory of those who fought and perished during that war.
The fortress walls show where cannon missiles hit.
The fortress is located about 20 minutes walk from the city centre.
The fortress should be visited in respect of the Belarus people.

2  Thank Dag W
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
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Reviewed July 11, 2017

fortress of soviet Red Army, remembering the fights with Nazi Army in 1941, pity not a single word of a Polish history with this place before annexation of Brest by Soviet Army in 1939.

Thank Time T
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed June 27, 2017

Brest Fortress is a national symbol in Belarus, which managed to hold against the Nazi army for weeks during WWII, with severely undermatched staff and resources. The fortress is surrounded by a river and some artificial streams, which first you might think would only help for defense against sieges in the medieval times. Yet this is not true – combined with the efforts and persistence of the Belarussian officers, Brest Fortress gave way to a historic defense. You can actually see the marks of shootings and bombings – bullet holes on the walls, partially destroyed facilities and so forth. It was very interesting to learn about how the soldiers defending the place had to crawl to the river to get water, and faced the possibility of being attacked by snipers every time. This is also exemplified by a statue in the area.

The biggest attraction is of course the huge “Courage” statue in the middle of the Fortress. It was built by the Soviets to acknowledge the efforts of the soldiers against the Nazi siege. The statue is also lighted up in the night, so you can consider stopping later in the day too. There is no entrance fee, so you can enjoy this attraction for free! There are little stands around to buy water and refreshments. 1-2 hours should be enough to enjoy the historical fortress. As most of the information is not available in English yet on the spot, reading about the Fortress before visiting is highly recommended for international visitors. Also, do not forget to take photos of the wonderful nature surrounding the area!!

4  Thank Ergukun
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed June 13, 2017

To simplify, it's a massive area with a massive stone head and no information in English. You can spend hours walking around but there is not much too see in terms of the fortress itself. Most of the buildings are not open to the public and as mention, no info boards etc. This place is just waiting to be discovered for the international tourism industry :) It's open if not 24/7 then for sure every day till midnight. It's definitely worth the visit thought. P.S. toilets are located only at the begining, use them

1  Thank Mahaena
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
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Reviewed January 17, 2017

Brest fortress is one of the most significant places in Belarus. The total area of the fortress is about 4 square kilometers. On June 22, 1941 the garrison of the fortress took the first blow of the German invaders and for more than a month kept the defense. After WWII the fortress was not fully restored. Brest fortress is one of those places that should be visited in Belarus, besides i is the largest tourist attraction in the city of Brest.

1  Thank Katya M
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.

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