The monument, a short distance and in a straight line (towards ‘new’ Krakow) from the Barbakan, was built in 1910 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald (also known as the First Battle of Tannenberg, 1410). In the battle, considered one of the largest battles in Medieval Europe, the alliance of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania comprehensively defeated the Teutonic Knights. The Teutonic leader, Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen was killed, and his figure (in death) feature prominently at the monument. At the top on his horse is the King of Poland Władysław Jagiełło, his sword pointing downwards in his right hand. At the front is his cousin the Lithuanian prince Vytautas (Vitold), who is flanked on either side by victorious soldiers from the joint army. The battle is regarded as the most important victory in the history of Poland and Lithuania, and is surrounded by romantic legends and nationalistic propaganda. Thus, during WW II under the German occupation the monument, a symbol of Polish patriotism was initially shielded and then later destroyed. However, it is said that Polish workers succeeded in hiding important parts of the monument, like King Jagiello's scepter and sword, the coats of arms of Poland, Lithuania and the head of Grand Duke Witold. The replica that now stands was reproduced using sketches and models of the original and was finished in 1976. The monument itself probably does not merit a detour but is worth a look if one is passing by the area (on way to the Railway Station for example)
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