This is a very unusual American Air Force War Memorial in the Kent countryside. In the Second World War some fields near Staplehurst became RAF Staplehurst, a prototype 'advance landing ground'. An 'advance landing ground' was an airfield constructed purely for the Allied invasion of Europe. RAF Staplehurst opened in 1943 and was a base for Canadian airmen. At the time of the Allied invasion of Europe it was the base for the 363rd Fighter Group of the United States Army 9th Air Force. Prior to D-Day, this Fighter Group targeted German communication and, on D-Day itself, escortesd gliders. After Julyn1944 the airfield was unused. Closed by the military in September 1944, it was dismantled during the winter of 1944-45 and, after its release by the Air Ministry in January 1945, it quickly returned to its former agricultural use. On 6 Jun 2010 (66 years after D-Day), a war memorial was unveiled at the site. The Service of Dedication was attended by a former pilot, 95-year-old Colonel John R Ulricson who had flown his P-51 Mustang fighter from the airfield.