The portal to the Schrannenplatz, the former Jewish cemetery, is one of the history of the Jewish community and their cemeteries in Rothenburg ob der Tauber. The medieval Jewish cemetery on the Schrannenplatz in Rothenburg ob der Tauber was formerly the Jewish cemetery until it was renamed in 1955 and was outside the first city walls. 1520 It was banned until the expulsion of the Jews from the city, then had been largely cleared away and the tombstones were used as building material. 1589 The urban "Schranne" (the granary, which served as a central storage and shipping place for agricultural products, mainly cereals) was built on the South side of the former Jewish cemetery. The place and the barn is today used as a venue for exhibitions and concerts. At the transition from the Schrannenplatz, Hay Lane towards Judengasse, the weathered letters "Jewish cemetery" can be found at a House. On the other side of the square the portal can be seen which was previously shown on postcards to 1918. Below the ball above the portal a "star of David" in fragments. Some of the tombstones are nowadays kept in the Reichsstadt Museum. Some more stones were only discovered in recent years, including 1989 when working on the castle wall: the gravestones were built in, partly in the wall cover. Among them was the oldest known Rothenburger gravestone directed 1266. It was already since 12. Century a Jewish community with all facilities such as cemetery, synagogue, Mikvah and Municipal House. In 1180 the first Rothenburger Jew is called by name. In the 13th century the spiritual leader of the Judaism in Germany was Rabbi Meir ben Baruch (1220-1293) and lived for almost forty years in Rothenburg, led a school here, a Jaschiwa, on the Milchmarkt (Milk market) at what is nowadays named Kapellenplatz (Chapel place).
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