City of Flowers and Paris of Java (as it was known in the colonial times), Bandung has still maintained its European ambience and sophistication. Situated at a distance of just 175 km. off Jakarta, Bandung is the provincial capital of West Java and third largest city of Indonesia. The outgoing nature and strong belief in their culture of local Sundanese people makes it quite a change from the other cities in the country. Bandung is known more as the place which hosted the first Afro-Asian Conference in 1955 then anything else and it is a pity. It has a pleasant climate and plenty of natural escapes that gives the tourists a break from the hectic schedule they might have anywhere else in the country. The city is also a centre of higher education with Bandung Institute of Technology being one of the most important destination of students in Asia-Pacific.
What to do
Bandung is surrounded by a mountainous region full of cool breeze and natural splendours. A visit to these places should be a must on every tourist's itinerary. Shopping in Bandung is quite an affair and their are many markets around the city to fulfill your shopping needs. Bandung is one of the best place in entire Indonesia to have inexpensive but quality food. Make sure that you have not missed on getting experience of the city life that goes on in Bandung before leaving.
City at a Glance
Language Sundanese, Bahasa Indonesia
Religion Islam, Christianity
Telephone Code 062
Though the existence of the city is very old as archeological finds suggest, the first reference to the city dates back to AD 1488 only. Europeans first reached this region in the 18th century and by the end of this century, they had constructed a road that connected Jakarta, Bogor, Cianjur, and Bandung. The city continued to grow in the subsequent decades and by 1880, first rail line between Jakarta and Bandung was completed. The city got tremendous boost due to plantations of tea, quinine, and coffee that were introduced to the highlands around the city. City became a municipality in 1906 and it started expanding from this time. Bandung played an important role in the freedom movement of Indonesia. In 1946, after the end of Second World War when colonial powers were returning to claim their earlier colony, the residents of Bandung burnt down their town and fled away. Today, Bandung is a prosperous and thriving city and it has a vibrant youth culture because of a number of educational institutes that it posses.
Weather and Best Season to Visit
There is not much seasonal variations in Bandung and the time of visit here is determined by the extent of rain. Day and night temperature vary considerably. While the day temperature remains in the range of 26ºC to 33ºC, night temperature can drop to a low of 10ºC. Two seasons are clearly defined, east monsoon from June to September that brings the dry climate while West Monsoon from December to March that brings heavy rain. High humidity is an year round phenomenon in Bandung. June to September being the dry season is certainly preferred over rainy season.
Bandung Insitute of Technology
This is the most important and one of the oldest centre of higher education in Indonesia. The institute has provided the country many of its leading personalities such as Soukarno and B. J. Habibie. The building has been constructed artistically that gives it a uniqueness from other institutions.
The hot spring located at the base of Mount Tangkuban Perahu is a favourite picnic spot for the residents of Bandung. The site is situated at a distance of just 32 km north of Bandung and easily accesible by road.
Drive along the Bandung - Lembang - Maribaya route for around 90 minutes passing through flowery mountainous landscape and you would find yourself in Maribaya. The place is famous for its beautiful agro landscape, hot water springs, and waterfall.
Tangkuban Perahu (Capsized Boat)
Situated at a distance of around 28 km north of Bandung, this is a 2000 metre wide volcano. The route to Tangkuban Perahu is a mesmerising introduction to Bandung landscape. Crater can be approached by the bus only while you may have to walk on to reach the Geological Station on the upper rim of the crater. On an active crater you can also see the boiling water jetting out of the ground.
Kawah Putih / White crater
These craters are situated at Ciwidey, some 40 km south of Bandung. The craters have been now filled with sulphuric water giving them different hue and colours. Sometime it looks that the craters have been covered by the ice sometime they change colour from blue to green. Quite an experience.
Papandayan is a complex stratovolcano with four large summit craters, the youngest of which was breached to the NE by collapse during a brief eruption in 1772 and contains active fumarole fields. The broad 1.1-km-wide, flat-floored Alun-Alun crater truncates the summit of Papandayan, and Gunung Puntang to the north gives the volcano a twin-peaked appearance. Several episodes of collapse have given the volcano an irregular profile and produced debris avalanches that have impacted lowland areas beyond the volcano. A sulfur-encrusted fumarole field occupies historically active Kawah Mas ("Golden Crater").
After its first historical eruption in 1772, in which collapse of the NE flank produced a catastrophic debris avalanche that destroyed 40 villages and killed nearly 3000 persons, only small phreatic eruptions had occurred prior to an explosive eruption that began in November 2002.
Important Festivals and Exhibitions
Sundanese people are known for their outgoing attitude and strong belief in their culture. Bandung is a good place to watch cultural performances that are held round the year at major convention centres in the city.
So let's come to bandung as wellknown called Parijs Van Java