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Kenya has diverse wildlife and spectacular landscapes. The country occupies an area of 580,367 square kilometers, out of which approximately 44,359 square kilometers or 7.5 percent is wildlife conservation area.
The protected areas embrace various types of ecosystems namely: forests, wetlands, Savannah, mountains, marine, arid and semi-arid. The protected areas comprise of 23 terrestrial National Parks, 28 terrestrial National Reserves, 4 marine National Parks, 6 marine National Reserves and 4 national sanctuaries.
Some of the wildlife that can be seen in the National Parks and Reserves are lions, elephants, rhinos, buffaloes, wildebeests, zebras, kudus, elands, gerenuks, hyenas, baboons, Thomson’s and Grant’s gazelles, giraffes, topis, bush bucks, water-bucks, leopards, cheetahs, hippos, crocodiles and more than 1070 species of birds.