The Pantanal is one of the largest continuous wetland expanses of the...read more
The Pantanal is one of the largest continuous wetland expanses of the planet and is located in the center of South America, in the basin of the Upper Paraguay. Its area is 150,000 square kilometers, with 65% of its territory in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul and 35% in Mato Grosso.
The Pantanal is formed by extensive wetlands that serve as shelter for many fish, such as painted, gold, pacu, and also for other animals, such as alligators, capybaras and otters, among other species. Many endangered animals in other parts of Brazil still have vigorous populations in the Pantanal region, such as the marsh deer, the capybara, the Jabiru and the alligator.
The Pantanal fauna is very rich. There are 650 species of birds (over Brazil are cataloged about 1800). The most spectacular is the hyacinth macaw, an endangered species. There is still storks (the bird symbol of Pantanal), toucans, parakeets, egrets, hummingbirds (minors may weigh two grams), herons (species of heron brown color), jacanas, emus, seriemas, parrots, spoonbills, hawks, caracara and ibises.
In the Pantanal have been cataloged more than 1,100 species of butterflies. They are more than 124 species of mammals, the main ones being the jaguar (reaching 1.2 m in length, 0.85 cm tall and weighs up to 150 kg), capybara, cub, pampas deer, veado- brocket, maned wolf, monkey, marsh deer, howler the marsh (monkey that makes a scary noise in the morning), tapir, peccary, giant anteater, dog-eating fox, tapir, silkworm sloth, otter, puma, coati, armadillo etc.
The region is also extremely fishy, having already been cataloged 263 species of fish: piranhas (carnivorous and extremely voracious fish), pacu, painted, gilded, cachara, curimbata, piraputanga, jau and piau are some of the species found.
There are plenty of reptiles, the main one being alligator (alligator-swampland and smooth-fronted caiman), snake-mouth sapo (Jararaca), anaconda, Boa Constrictor, Snake moorhen, water-snakes and other ), lizards (iguana, lizard-green) and turtles (turtle and tortoise).