Pavlovsk State Museum, official name “State Artistic and Architectural Palace and Park Museum-Reserve "Pavlovsk" is located in Pavlovsk, a modern suburb of St. Petersburg. Adjacent to the palace is the Pavlovsk Park with an area of about 600 hectares, which makes it one of the largest landscape parks in Europe.
Pavlovsk Palace, the summer residence of Emperor Paul I, is the centerpiece of it. It was erected in 1782-1786 according to the project of the Scottish architect Charles Cameron in the form of a suburban Palladian villa. In 1788, Pavel, who preferred Gatchina as a residence, presented the village of Pavlovskoye to his wife Maria Fedorovna. With the accession of Paul I in November 1796 and the subsequent resignation of Cameron, the Italian architect Vincenzo Brenna was appointed chief architect of the Court. At the insistence of Emperor Brenn, he increased the size of the palace to give it greater majesty by building on the second floor and attaching two new semicircular outbuildings to it. The formation of the collections of the interior of the Pavlovsk Palace is associated with the journey of Paul and his wife across Europe in 1781-1782. After the death of Paul I, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna practically moved to this palace. She made a will according to which Pavlovsk was to pass after her death into the possession of "the eldest son, bypassing the heir", and then be inherited through the male line, which meant that he turned from the imperial residence into a majorate.
Since June 1918, the Pavlovsk Palace and the park have been transformed into a state museum. This world heritage masterpiece is protected by UNESCO.