For the first time I looked out onto Staroměstské náměstí coming from the south-east side, from Železná street. In this way the square suddenly opens up to the gaze, leaving you almost amazed by its beauty and majesty.
Arriving from Železná Street, the first element drawing attention is not - on your left - the famous clock tower, packed with people especially at the moment (every hour) when the clock with the animated figures comes into operation. The gaze is instead drawn above all towards the more open side of the square, on the north-east side, where the façade of the Church of Our Lady before Týn rises, tall and magical, behind and above a curtain of Renaissance-style porticoed buildings. The beauty of the church, the beauty of the buildings, the unusual position of the church - which doesn't overlook the square, but almost appears to "surveil" the square itself - appeared to me from the first visit to be the most unusual, and therefore most fascinating, side of the square: a feeling confirmed in my visits in the following days.
Then, obviously, the attentive visitor will not overlook the other elements of the square. If he has adequate information stuff (for example a detailed guide) he will want to discover, for example, the characteristics of the individual buildings overlooking the square. He will abandon himself to the spectacle of the mechanical clock. He will appreciate the exterior and interior of the baroque church of St. Nicholas, on the northwest side. He will be amazed by the art nouveau statue and monument of Ian Hus, which will confirm his belief that the Czech people are non-conformist (as well as pleasantly ingenious). He will be confirmed in this belief by the observation of the spot which recalls the beheading of twenty-seven Czech nobles and bourgeois of reformed religion after the reconquest of the city by the Habsburgs in 1621.
I could go on. But I think I have given you the idea of why this square, in addition to being one of the most beautiful in Europe, is one of the symbolic places of Prague.