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Stop At: Market Square, Markt 20, 99423 Weimar, Germany
Let’s begin this tour by the market square, a popular meeting place in Weimar. Many famous people were at home here. The renaissance painter Lucas Cranach the lived in one of the buildings close by, in the square. But it is mainly the classicists that attract the visitors that come here. Weimar is a city of pedestrians and all sites are close together. The architecture reflects the city's feudal days. The democracy Square used to be called the Duke's Square. Very fitting since it's surrounded by royal buildings: in this area you have the so called red and yellow palaces or the house where Duke Charles Augustus lived and next to it, a small palace that house a lovely library for centuries already. The dowager duchess Anna Amalia, whose name it bears, supported the library decisively and many treasures are to be found here. Amongst these, a document that offers a first indication of Wolfgang von Goethe's presence in the city. He ran a library for decades. Right next to Anna Amalia's Library, the Park an der Ilm was created in the 18 th century. It's renowned for its valuable trees and architectural gems, like the ruins of the Tempelherrenhaus. Goethe also played a part in designing the park. He spent his first years in Weimar in a very nice house to the park, a house that he received as a gift from Charles Augustus. After 1782, Goethe moved to a new and more impressive house on Frauenplan. Many of the rooms look exactly as they looked in the last years of the poet's life. The study in which he wrote works like Faust is unchanged. Goethe stayed in Weimar until his death in 1832. The composer Franz Liszt spent many summers in one of the houses of Weimar. Just like Goethe, Liszt received a house, as a gift from the local Duke. In his house from Weimar, the composer thought young pianists from all over Europe for free. The next stop is where Friedrich Schiller lived. An assembly brought Schiller and Goethe together. When the two of them met, impressed by Schiller, Goethe invited him to Weimar. From that moment, an intense creative association existed between them. Weimar classicism can be traced in the dowager duchess Anna Amalia, who lived in the Widow's Palace. She was a very well educated and ambitious woman. She hosted a lot of lustrous gatherings there and among the guests, were, of course, Goethe and Schiller. The two of them now attract the attention of the tourists as a memorial in front of the National Theater.
Duration: 2 hours