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Stop At: Kronstadt, St. Petersburg Russia
Kronstadt is a real pearl of war history of Russia. Founded by Peter the Great as a maritime fortress and naval base, Kronstadt once might have been a capital of the Russian Empire during the Great Northern War with Sweden. The port is ice-bound for 140–160 days of the year, from the beginning of December through April. A large proportion of the inhabitants are sailors, adding to the maritime atmosphere.
Located on Kotlin Island, 19 miles (30 kilometers) west of St. Petersburg proper, the city’s main seaport, it is also the traditional seat of the Russian Admiralty. The first Russian navy base amazing defence system was founded in Kronshtadt – the naval Maginot Line.
Duration: 2 hours
Stop At: The Naval Cathedral of Saint Nicholas in Kronstadt, Yakornaya sq, 1, Kronshtadt, St. Petersburg 197762 Russia
At the times of The Red Revolution drama Kronshtadt was a centre of rebellions, and the first anti-communist uprising in 1921 also happened here. During the trip you will visit the famous Naval cathedral with its magnificent both exterior and interior bearing no resemblance with any Saint Petersburgian church or cathedral.
Naval Cathedral of St. Nicholas is the main church of the Russian Navy. After several failed architecture competitions, admiral Stepan Makarov hired Vasily Kosyakov, a Neo-Byzantine architectural master, to design the church. Construction on the large Russian Orthodox cathedral began in 1901 and continued until 1913, when it was opened to the public and dedicated to Navy servicemen who died at sea. Though the cathedral was converted to a cinema, and later a museum of the Navy, it was eventually reclaimed by the church.
Duration: 2 hours