It is believed that Polynesians from the Marquesas and Society Islands first populated the Hawaiian Islands in approximately 300AD, followed by Tahitian settlers around 1300AD. Hawaiian and, generally, Polynesian culture was without writing, so exact timelines and dates are impossible to settle upon. Relations with other Polynesian groups were sporadic during the early migratory periods, and Hawaii grew from small settlements to a complex society in near isolation.

European contact with Polynesia was established by Captain Cook, who fixed the location of the islands and named them the Sandwich Isles. He is credited with the discovery of Hawaii, but it is likely that there was earlier European contact.

The islands had been divided into various kingdoms until 1810, when King Kamehameha was the first to unite the islands and his family dynasty would rule them until 1872. The late 1890's and early 20th century was a turbulent time for Hawaii- in 1893 a business-led coup d'etat removed the Queen from her throne and established a Republic. In 1898, Hawaii was annexed by the United States, and though it was attempted many times and failed, statehood was finally acheived in 1959.

Hawaii is the 50th State in the United States of America.