New Delhi is a fairly safe place to visit, but travelers to the area should be aware of certain situations and take a few precautions.

New Delhi is a big city with a population of over 12 million. Therefore it has crime issues that go along with being a city of such size.  Petty theft does occur and travelers should practice caution. 

Avoid wearing expensive jewelry, carrying large amounts of cash, looking flashy, or causing a scene.  Doing any of these is asking for trouble. 

Pickpockets thrive in crowded areas such as markets as well as bus and train stations.  Women should keep purses or bags close to their sides and men should store wallets in front instead of rear pockets.   

Avoid traveling alone at night.  This is a general recommendation for any unfamiliar area, but should be followed in New Delhi as well. 

Demonstrations, protests and mass gatherings occur in major public areas.  Avoid these situations as they can be dangerous.

Food poisoning is common for travelers to India.  Some recommend avoiding eating meat altogether.  These and many other issues are discussed at India Food Safety .

It is always safer to drink bottled water than that running from a tap.

For a complete list of foreign embassies in India, visit Embassy List .

 

Foriegn women need to take particular precautions when travelling in New Delhi and India in general.

Wear appropriate clothing to prevent unwanted attention from local men! No cleavage should be visible, legs should be covered to the knee, shoulders should be covered (this is required in Birla Mandir). Use a scarf to cover up you if your current wardrobe does not suit.

Do not give eye contact to the local men (so whip out those sunglasses). Do not reply to the many "hellos" you will receive or respond to the many gestures to get your attention. This merely fuels the fire you are trying to extinguish.

Travel with someone! Anyone! A friend, family or a tour group! Being alone is not a smart idea at all.

Book accomodation in reputable peer reviewed hotels (the more stars the better as they have better facilities and security for your safety). Do not answer the hotel door to anyone not in a hotel staff uniform. Talk to the person through the door until you are satisfied of their visit. People can walk in off the street and tell guests they have been "sent to change light bulbs". So becareful of this behaviour.

Avoid backpacker/hostel accomodation. If you must go this route, do so in a tour group with many people. Safety in numbers (and I don't mean you and your best friend being a sufficient!)

Watch for rickshaw and auto rickshaw drivers and where they are taking you. If you think the trip from the market to the hotel is only 15 minutes and you are still driving around at 30 minutes (with no traffic!), question the driver or better still cease the journey. Request that the driver sticks to the main roads and doesn't take you down back alley ways or old small roads.

Make sure you do some pricing ladies when you go shopping to the markets otherwise you will get ripped off. Here are some rough figures one should pay if going to Karol Bagh, chadni chowk, janpath or palika bazar... mens shorts 150-300 rupees, mens t-shirts (no collar) 200 rupees, shirts 200-300 rupees, ladies skirts 150-250 rupees, ladies tops/tunics 200-300 rupees, jeans 250-500 rupees, sneakers (imitation) 600-900 rupees, sandles/thongs 200-300 rupees, necklaces/bangles on average 150 rupees per piece, earrings 50-100 rupees.

At markets, if men/women come up to you with business cards and ask you to "check out their shop down the road" or "check out the trunk of their car" for the latest pashmina scarves and punjabi suits, just say no.