Telephones in Israel are rather simple to use. Most people have cellphones and readily give those numbers out. Landlines are all 7 digit numbers plus a 2 digit area code long. Area codes all begin with "0" . 02 is Jerusalem and environs, 03 is Tel Aviv and environs, 09 is central Israel, 04 is Haifa area, 07 is South,( including Eilat) 06 is the Galilee, and the Golan . You do not need to use the area code when calling from within that code. Writing phone numbers doesn't seem to be consistent. Some people write 02-1234567, others 02-123 4567 and others 02-1234 567. It seems to be based on where the person is from and how they first got their number Many years ago numbers were all 5 digit. They then became 6 and many would say 123 456, when they became 7some found it easier to say 1234 567. Almost all phones in Israel have call waiting. It is no charge. However, the second caller hears a different ring than the first. The first hears a normal ring, while the second hears two shorter sounds, a pause and then it repeats Etiquette is, unless you call is an emergency to hang up when you are second. The person you are calling will usually hit *42 ( also no extra charge) and call you back. Cellphones have a 7 digit number preceded by a 3 digit prefix. It is always necessary to use the full 10 digit number. All phones with the same prefix are part of the same cellular company. Those are the cheapest calls to make. Israel, unlike the U.S., but like most of Europe does not charge for incoming calls. ( that is why Israelis love for you to call them on their cellphones) However, the caller IS paying extra to call a cellphone. Be aware that landline to cellphone will have you paying for the land portion AND air portion of the call. Cell phone to cell phone from two different companies has you paying for TWO air portions as well as the connection in the middle. Pay phones are getting harder to find as the cellphone is taking over. Pay phones need prepaid cards and those are available from vendors in the street, vending machines near pay phone banks, the post office, some lottery kiosks and many hotel desks. I have found a regular card is the least expensive method of calling overseas. AND be warned, the most expensive method of calling anyplace is usually from your hotel room. Good luck and happy talking.

Alternatively, if you would like to use your personal cell phone (needs to be unlocked and GSM capable) or have another unlocked device, you may opt to purchase an international SIM card called OneSimCard. It is a prepaid service that offers talk, text and data coverage in over 200 countries, including Israel. If your trip is relatively short, there are also renting options available. If your trip will be relatively short, they also provide renting options as well (this option is only available for individuals in the U.S.) Is it a great way to not only stay in touch with friends and family in Israel while visiting, but also other countries worldwide! 

A similar yet more cost effective option would be to rent a SIM card or iPhone with Unlimited Local and long Distance calling, Local texts, Internet Data - You can order in seconds at UnlimitedIsrael.net