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The currency used in India is the rupee, which is divided into 100 paise. Rupees are available in the following denominations: Notes: Rs 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000. Coins: 5, 10, 20, 25, and 50 paise and Rs 1, 2, and 5.
One lakh is Rs 100,000, written 1,00,000. One crore is Rs 10,000,000, written 1,00,00,000. You are unlikely to come across paise, but conversely you will find that many people will have difficulty giving change for notes larger than Rs 100.
Strictly speaking, you can neither import nor export Indian currency, but you can get some at the airport straight away to at least get you transport to your accommodation. There are Authorized Foreign Exchange dealers in most big cities, and banks will also change your currency at a fair rate if you have time for the paperwork. A good way of getting your travellers currency is via an ATM but beware of hidden bank charges, both from the bank providing the ATM and the card-issuing bank - you also do not know what exchange rate you are getting. In the UK, it is worth checking charges with your bank as fees differ. As with any country, it is not a good idea to rely solely on taking your bank card as, if this gets lost or stolen, you could be stuck without funds far from home. Travel insurance tends to insure you only for £200-worth of lost currency so it is safer to take the rest in travelers cheques, as these are insured (certainly American Express ones) and will be replaced (usually) in 24 hours of reporting the loss.
The new symbol for the Rupee
ATMs are found in most towns and are recommended for cash withdrawals. The average daily limit for withdrawal of money from an ATM is Rs 10,000 (about 130 pounds sterling as at March 2012). You can go to another bank to withdraw money up to your daily limited. Some banks charge a hefty fee and/or load the exchange rate to their benefit. It is far more convenient and safer than cash and cheaper than travelers' cheques. Do note that unlike some countries where you leave your card in when using an ATM. In India when using as ATM insert your card and then take it out (in most cases) You will be then asked to enter your pin and carry on with your transaction. Although note that in some older ATMs you will have to insert your card and keep it in until the end of the transaction.
Another option is Western Union. You can receive money this way via any Western Union office.
Travelers cheques are cashed at almost all money exchange counters, but avoid hotels and airports as they do not give the best rates.
Visa, MasterCard and American Express are usually accepted in tourist hotels and many other shops. Debit cards are also widely accepted.