Although European explorers didn’t discover it until fairly recently, there have been people inhabiting the land which we now call New Hampshire for roughly 12,000 years. 

            Europeans first came into the picture in the early 1600’s, when the first permanent settlement was created in the area of present day Rye.  This settlement was called Dover.

            After much movement in land and territory between neighboring regions, the Massachusetts colony gained control of the New Hampshire area.  Years later, in 1679 England made New Hampshire into a separate province.

            During the late 1600’s and into the 1700’s, the English presence in the region was beginning to cause problems.  The French who controlled much of the land began fighting with the English.  The Indian people were forced to join sides, and the majority chose to back the French armies. English settlements in the New Hampshire area were tactically being attacked to eradicate them from the area. 

            Because the English were being forced out of the area, they began creating new settlements in areas formerly uninhabited by Europeans.  This again forced the Indians into compromising situations.  By 1740 New Hampshire had very few Indians left living there. 

            New Hampshire was a trend setting province and was the first to declare independence from England in 1774.

            In 1788, New Hampshire became the 9th state to join the United States of America.

            For more information, check out a detailed New Hampshire history page and a chronological history of New Hampshire.