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Australians drive on the left-hand side of the road and use the metric system of distances and speeds.Australia is as large as continental USA, but the population is only 22.5 million, so the road network is not as well developed, especially away from the coastal areas. There are often very long distances between towns which have fuel, water and/or food.
Australian cars are mostly right-hand drive vehicles, and have automatic transmission, although manuals (stick-shift) are still widely available and are cheaper to hire. The gear shift is positioned for operation by the left hand and is usually on the floor. Selecting a vehicle with automatic transmission could help minimise the period of adjustment for drivers more used to driving on the right. There should be no trouble getting an automatic transmission unless you opt for the cheapest, smallest model. Note also that the park brake is usually a hand-operated lever in the centre of the vehicle.
A hazard unique to Melbourne's CBD and the inner suburbs are trams (streetcars).
There are three important tram-related rules you must observe: