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Public transport in Lisbon is reliable and good value. The transport network includes Carris (buses, trams, funiculars and lifts) and the Metro. Suburban railways complement these networks and some passes also valid on the cross city rail line.
All information about the trams and buses can be found on the official website at www.carris.pt
The Lisbon metro has a separate website at www.metrolisboa.pt
Possibly the cheapest and easiest way to get about is to buy a 'Via Viagem' or '7colinas' pre paid card available from Metro and other ticket offices and the Casa da Sorte in P da Rossio. This is a top up card similar to Londons 'Oyster' card with an initial cost of 0.50 cents plus top up of 2 5 or 10 euros. It can be used on Lisbon buses trams ferryboats and Metro. Each trip currently (October 2013) costs 1.25 euros using the card. Just hold the card close to the reader at the barrier or on boarding. It is valid for 12 months and will get you from the airport to town centre on Metro for 1.25 euros each way. Just top up whenever needed.
Cash fare on the city bus network is €1,75 for any journey. Various pre-paid re-chargeable passes are available, which reduce the single journey one or two zone fare to 1.25 Euros. There were two fare increases in 2011 and a third on 1st February 2012, as the country gets to grips with its economic problems by hiking up the price of everything.
The buses, which are run by the state-controlled company, Carris, operate from the city centre to destinations across the area. There are also many radial routes, connecting suburbs directly and avoiding the city centre. The single journey flat fare is €1.75. These tickets are bought from the driver upon boarding. There are some interesting bus journeys including the No. 737 to the Castle and the No. 758 which goes across the city from CAIS DO SODRÉ. The 724 from Pontinha to Alcantara runs through the Parque Florestal de Montsanto, serving the Lisbon camping site on the way.
A note about the timetables posted at the bus stops. These can be confusing. Bus times are given for each stop with early and late buses shown individually but most services for most of the day just have 'every 15 minutes' or similar. Some of the major stops in the city centre have electronic display boards telling how many minutes there are until the next bus arrives, but these cannot be relied on 100%. Also, just to make things more interesting, many routes run at weird intervals such as every 19 or every 24 minutes, so some mental gymnastics are required to calculate the time of the next bus at a particular stop. Timetables on the website only give the times that the buses start their journeys, with a guide as to how many minutes later they arrive at a given location. The reader does the calcuations.
There are also several different bus companies serving the more distant suburbs from various bus terminals located around the edge of the city centre.
The trams are also run by Carris, and are well worth a ride. There are new trams which operate on route 15E, and all other routes use vintage trams. In the centre, around ALFAMA, the trams rattle up and down the steep narrow streets, and a local perspective of the city can be obtained. Trams no longer operate in the Bairro Alto district. Beware of pickpockets.
The single journey flat fare on trams is now €2.85. Buy a pass! One day passes are available from Carris ticket booths or from Metro stations. A Viva Viagem ticket is worth considering - it is a prepaid, contactless ticket which can be topped up (similar to London's Oystercard).
The funiculars are run by Carris, too. They are the Elevador da Glória, the Elevador da Bica and the Elevador do Lavra. A ticket costs €3,50 for two journeys. You cannot buy a single journey ticket but passes are valid.
The Elevador de Santa Justa is run by Carris, and offers good views of the city. The flat fare if you don't have a 'Via Viagem' or '7colinas' card is now an eye-watering €5,00, but this is also for two journeys.
The three funicular railways of Bica, Glória and Lavra are included in the various passes but cash fare is also high, €3,50 for two journeys.
The Metro is state-run under a company by a different name. The service is frequent, good value and punctual. The flat fare is now €1.25 plus 50 cents for the re-chargeable card on which the ticket is loaded. This card can be used and recharged until it wears out.
The metro website is www.metrolisboa.pt .
It is better value to but a single day or multi day/zapping pass. A one day pass for Carris and Metro costs €6.00. These passes cover the whole Carris Network of buses, trams, funiculars, and the Elevador de Santa Justa, as well as the whole Metro Network. Full information about Carris buses and trams, including excellent maps can be found on their website www.carris.pt . These passes are also issued on 50 cent rechargeable cards.
The Lisbon suburban rail network is included in the various ticketing schemes. Most lines are operated by the state railway company CP. Details of local trains can be found at www.cp.pt - look for Urbanos, Lisboa. However the line from Roma - Areeiro to Pinhal Novo and Setubal, across the 25 de Abril bridge into the southern suburbs is operated by a private company, Fertagus.Their website is www.fertagus.pt
CP tickets are not valid on Fertagus trains, nor vice-versa .
A useful travel planner for the Greater Lisbon area: http://www.transporlis.sapo.pt/Defaul...