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ARRIVING IN TUSCANY Your flight may land at either Florence or Pisa or even Bologna. From the airports, you can rent a car and drive around the area, or continue your journey by bus or train. Florence Peretola is a much smaller airport than Pisa Galileo Galilei with just four gates. Chances are if you're flying into Italy on a long haul flight, you'll probably land at one of the airports near Rome or in Bologna and then connect domestically.
GETTING FROM THE AIRPORTS TO FLORENCE CITY CENTRE
FROM FLORENCE PERETOLA AIRPORT
You can get a taxi to the city centre in about 15 minutes or so and it costs about 20 Euros. There is also a shuttle that drops off at Santa Maria Novella train station located north of the River Arno and just a ten minute walk from the Duomo. The shuttle can be found just past the end of the taxi queue on a street perpendicular to the terminal. Five Euro tickets can be purchased onboard for the 20 minutes ride.
FROM PISA AIRPORT
There is a train station outside the terminal and you can get a direct train to Florence SMN which takes approximately one hour and runs every two hours at 3 mins past the hour. There are additional trains which involve changing at Pisa Centrale. Single ticket price is currently 7,10€.
For full details check the Trenitalia website :
There are also two shuttle bus services which operate between Pisa Airport and Florence SMN - Terravision and Autostradale (Ryanair). Both take approximately 70 minutes. Tickets can be bought in the terminal (Single 6€, return 10€* subject to change, special offers at various times of year). Ryanair shuttles will usually link to their flights. The timetable for the Terravision bus can be found here : http://www.terravision.eu/inglese/fil...
Remember where the bus drops you off at SMN station as this is where the return journey starts. There are no bus stops or signs!
FROM BOLOGNA AIRPORT
The Bologna Airport is a 15 minute taxi ride from the Bologna Centrale station. There is also the Autobus BLQ that takes about 25 mintues. Once at the station, trains run frequently between Bologna Centrale and Santa Maria Novella. The Frecciarossa and Frecciargento lines are direct, take 40 minutes, and fares begin at 15€. The intercity train takes about an hour and 15 minutes and involves a train change but costs around 10.50€.
To drive by car is roughly one hour and 15 minutes to Florence.
YOU SHOULD AIM TO BE AT THE AIRPORT ROUGHLY TWO HOURS BEFORE YOUR FLIGHT DEPARTURE TIME, SO CHOOSE YOUR RETURN JOURNEY ACCORDINGLY AND BEAR IN MIND THAT TRAFFIC IN AND OUT OF FLORENCE CAN BE VERY HEAVY, SO THE BUS JOURNEY MAKE TAKE LONGER. THE TRAIN IS NOT AFFECTED BY TRAFFIC, OBVIOUSLY, SO YOU MAY PREFER TO TRAVEL BY RAIL IF THE TRAIN TIMES ARE SUITABLE.
TRAVELLING AROUND TUSCANY
If you've got a Eurail pass, you can get around the region pretty easily by rail - most larger cities in Tuscany have their own train station. There are plenty of high-speed trains that can get you from other parts of Europe into Italy, including overnight trains from France. There are also a number of bus stations in each city and town. The Lazzi bus line operates all around Tuscany. Another bus company, SITA, is frequented by locals. Although it has some fast lines that feature direct routes, there are also the slower lines that allow travellers to easily and inexpensively get to towns not necessarily serviced by trains. Buses also typically drop-off close to the town center while train stations are usually located outside the city walls. Note that in small towns, tickets and bus information is usually distributed by the nearest convenience store (the tabacchi) and the staff may or may not speak another language.