People first settled in Amalfi in the 5th century when they sought refuge from the Germans in the Lattari Mountains. Eventually, they created a small village on the coast and then became property of the Naples duchy. When the duchy, that was Byzantine, seceded, Amalfi became independent. In the following centuries, Amalfi experienced a considerable maritime built up and eventually rose up to rival Genoa and Venice between the 9th and 11th centuries. Genoa and Venice were known as the greatest maritime powers at the time. The Tavole Amalfitane was a very historically important maritime code that was developed in Amalfi and  was followed for centuries in the Mediterranean. At this time, Amalfi was trading with such places as the Middle East and became a gateway for crusaders going to there.

In the 14th century, Amalfi was partially and tragically destroyed by multiple enemy raids and a great flood. This reduced Amalfi's power and significance and eventually, it forged Amalfi's future as a resort destination. Today, Amalfi's seafaring past is still prevalent and adds a certain mystique to any visitor's experience of this place with its long history, legends, and myth.