The National Anthropology Museum (Museo Nacional de Antropologia) was founded by Dr. Pedro Gonzalez Velasco (a doctor from Segovia) to house his collection of anatomy, natural history, and pieces from the primitive cultures of the Africa, America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania. The building was constructed by Francisco de Cubas y Gonzalez-Montes (the Marquis of Cubas) in 1875. The building is in the shape of a V with the central part of the museum, and two lateral parts to house the lecture hall and classrooms. This was the first anthropology museum created in Spain. It was inaugurated on April 29, 1875, by King Alfonso XII. When the founder died, the Spanish government bought the building and all its collections.

What is very interesting are the collections that have to do with primitive cultures of Asia (the Philippines and other Oriental countries), Africa, and the Americas. There are sculptures made of wood, items made of feathers, items made of plant leaves, musical instruments, domestic items and clothing, and images of the gods of primitive cultures. Beliefs of primitive cultures are explained.

Hours:

Tuesday to Saturday, 9:30 to 20:00 H.

Sundays and holidays: 10 to 15H.

Closed on Mondays, Jan 1., May 1, Dec. 24, 25 and 31 and local holidays.