Museo de America

Avenida Reyes Catolicos, 6

Tel. 915-492-641

Web: http://museodeamerica.mcu.es/

Metro: Line 3 Moncloa (exit Plaza de la Moncloa), Line 6 Moncloa (exit Plaza de la Moncloa), Line 7 Islas Filipinas (exit Gaztambide).

Hours:

Tuesday to Saturday: 9:30 to 15:00 h.

Sunday and holidays: 10:00 to 15:00 h.

Closed Mondays, Jan. 1, May 1, Dec. 24, 25, and 31, and local holidays.

Free entrance on Sundays, May 18, Oct. 12, Dec. 6.

The Museo de America has vast collections that come from the different cultures of the American continent. There are beautiful works of art that are unique and can only be found in this museum.

This museum was created in 1941 and housed temporarily at the Museo Arqueologico Nacional. Later they built a new building and the new museum was opened in 1965. Remodeling was done and the new museum was again reopened in 1994.

The museum tries to show how knowledge of the Americas was gained through expeditions. It explains how the Americas were populated and the mixture of races that happened. The development of societies from the Pre-Colombian inhabitants to today is explained. There are also explanations for the history of religion in the Americas. Another explanation is about the development of language and how Spanish became the common language there.

The most important pieces of art that the conquistadores found are displayed in this museum. These range from articles of gold, stone and metal sculpture, ceramics, masks, codices, textiles, costumes, and paintings. Many of these items are pre-Hispanic, while others came after the Spanish conquest. These collections are some of the best in the world about the Americas.  In addition there is an important collection of casta paintings which show the diversity and society of early modern Spanish America.

There is a very big copy of the Aztec calendar that the Mexican government gave Spain for the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America. The Colombian government gave Spain the Treasure of the Quimbayas, which is a gold collection of jewelry and ceremonial helmets that is very impressive. There is plenty of silverware made in the Americas.