The history of the area known today as Wurzburg dates back to before the year of 1000 B.C., when a fortification was constructed by the Celtic people, ruins of which can still be seen today.  The Celtic people are believed to have inhabited the area for hundreds of years.

            Approaching the modern era, at around 100 B.C., Germanic tribes first began invading the area that is currently known as Franconia.  Shortly after, they began invading the Wurzburg area.

            Late in the 7th century, a group of Irish missionaries led by Kilian began Christianizing the area.  The first note in recorded history about Wurzburg was mentioned in 704, when it was called Vurteburch.  Over the next few hundred years, the area saw a large number of cathedrals and Christian monuments built. 

            Over 600 years ago, in the year of 1402, the University of Wurzburg was opened.  After a brief closing, it was again reopened late in the 16th century, and continues to be open today. 

            The city went through a time of citizen’s unrest at the beginning of the 15th century, when many of the local inhabitants revolted against the Bishop-Prince’s rule. 

            Over the following two hundred years, the city went though a number of battles, and was occupied by both the Swedes and French.

            For more information, check out this history timeline of Wurzburg .