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Munich has a long and interesting past. Traces of civilization go back to the Neolithic period. Evidence of Celtic settlements have been found from the 6th century and in the 10th century, monks from the nearby Tegernsee agreed that Munich's location is ideal for a permanent settlement. So they populated the area then known as "Munichen" and ever since the city's crest shows a monk in a black cloak. The other signature mascot of the city is the so called "Münchener Kindl" or Munich's Child, which also happens to be in the monk attire. This can be attributed to a nonclerical joke of history's workings. In 1255 the city became the stronghold of the Wittelsbacher dynasty whose influence is still felt today. In 1632, Gustav Adolf of Sweden occupied the city during the Thirty Years' War. Over 7,000 people died of the plague in 1634, about a third of its entire population. The Austrians ruled Munich for a short while during the Spanish War of Succession. A hundred years later, in the year 1800, Munich was taken over by the French. Six years after, Bavaria became a monarchy and Munich its capital. In the 20th century, Munich's role is not entirely laudable; the November Revolution started in 1918, but in 1923 Munich also became the site of the first national socialist (Nazi) attempted coup. It initially failed, but when it finally succeeded, Munich became the center of the "Brown Movement". During the Second World War, half of Munich's buildings were destroyed by Allied bombing raids. In 1972, Munich appeared in the news once more due to a terrible event: During the 1972 Olympic Games, the attempt to free kidnapped Israeli athletes from the hands of Islamic terrorists failed. 17 people died, and the cheerful atmosphere of the continuing Games was over.